di·lap.i·dat·ed=in a state of
disrepair or ruin as a result of age or neglect.

invigorating =making one feel strong, healthy, and full of energy.

deliberation=long and careful consideration or discussion.

incertitude=a state of uncertainty or hesitation.

repercussion=indirect consequence of some action
grumble=complain something in a bad tempered way
dossier(ˈdɒsɪə,-ɪeɪ,-jeɪ)=a collection of documents about a particular person, event, or subject.
Eg: “we have a dossier on him”
naysayers=someone with an aggressively negative attitude

substantial=fairly large

treacherous=dangerously unstable

nestle=move or arrange oneself in a comfortable and cozy position
and unpredictable

feather in cap

reckon=believe, suppose

decisive=determining or having the power to determine an outcome

edible=fit to be eaten

clamour=utter or proclaim

crescendo=gradual increase in loud

defer=hold back to a later time, postpone

whopping=very large

foot in mouth= say something stupid

deference= a courteous expression

underway=currently in progress

averse=strongly opposed

yacking=taking incessantly, restlessly

disembark=leave a plane, train or ship

bleak=offering little or no hope

confounding=confusing, perplexed

surimise=infer from incomplete evidence

manicure=trim neatly

alleyway=narrowstreet with walls on bothsides

simulacrum=an image or representaion of something

knows his onions=to know what one has to know

fiasco=sudden and violent loss

gospel=unquestionable truth
right under your nose= something so obvious that it is overlooked

benevolent= intending or showing kindness
lacuna=a gap, unfilled space

inadvertently= without knowledge or intention
inebriate=drunk, intoxicated


hassle=angry disturbance

splodge=irregular shape

conscientious=wishing to do one’s work or duty well and thoroughly

lashing=beating with a whip
brusque=abrupt or offhand in speech

groggy=dazed, weak, sleepy

pristine=in its original condition, unspoilt

try to get fresh with someone=crossing limits, behaving arrogantly

jump the gun=being impatient, impulsive, unwise decision

apartheid= a policy or system of segregation on grounds of race

stereotypical=lacking spontaneity or originallity

insidious= subtle way, but with very harmful effects

exuberate=full of eneregy, excitement

impasse=a situation in which no progress is possible

eulogise=praising and eloquently

rummage=search unsystematically, haphazardly


decisive=determing the ooutcome, unmistakble

finagle=obtain by dishonest or devious means

desert=who lives someone
exuberance=joyful enthusiasm

fret=worry unncessarily or excessively

humonogous=very large

reminiscence=mental impression and recalled from the past

serendipitous=lucky in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

derisively=in a disrespectful and mocking manner

knee-jerk reactions=action taken without taking any facts or concerns

strip-search=search (someone) for weapons or drugs by having the person remove their clothes

communion=shraing thoughts and feelings

delectable= sooo delicious

collate=compare critically

paltry=not considered significantly, useless amount

disdain= consider to be unworthy

invincible=unbeatable or incapable of being overcome

vehement=showing strong feeling, passionate or intense

genesis=origin or mode of formation of something

palsy=unable to move body part

crouching=squat, sitting on kneels especially at ticket counter…

eyewash—total nonsense…

peril=source of danger, a possibility of incurring loss

mortification=strong feelings of embarrassment

altercation=noise quarrel

moniker=a familar name for a person, short versio of name

indecorous=not keeping in good taste and propreity

consent=go for,

whimp=a sudden desire

distraught= very worried and upset

shirking= avoid dealing with

pyre=wood heaped for burning a dead body as a funeral rite

sermon= a religious nature.

conniving=acting together in secret toward a fraudulent or illegal end

maul=injure badly by beating

stampede=cause to run in panic

eschew=deliberately avoiding

miscreant= a person who has done something wrong or unlawful

laxity=qualilty of being lax and

depilate=remove body hair

evasive=deligberately vague

rubble=remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up

mellow=unhurried and relaxed

categorically=absoultey, unconditional, flat


awry=wrong, not functioning properly, away from correct

doused= put off, as of candle or light

penitenet= feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

iota=extremely small amount

vindicate=show to be right by providing proof

stoop=bend one’s back forward from waist on down

forged =fake, for instance a passport

garner=gather, collector

tiff=quarrel about petty points

plummented=drop down sharply

vile=causing nausea, rephrensible

walk the talk= to keep promise, to do what you said to do

repugnant=extremely distasteful, unaccpetable

jest=a humorous anecdote, joke

impetuous = acting or done quickly and without thought or care

intercede=act b/w parties with a view to reconciling differences

concord=go together

pique =arouse, feel irritated

pandemonium=a state of extreme confusion and disorder

concotion=make by mixing, invent, devise

flummoxed=bewildered, be a mystery

repercurssion= a remote or indirect consequence of some action

allay=lessen the intensity of or calm

obnoxious=objectionable, protest

impregnable=incapable of being overcome, challenge or refuted

promulgated=announce , made public

emulate=strive to equal or match

prudent=careful and sensible

consternation=fear resulting from the awareness of danger

forte=an asset of special worh or utility

puerile=childish, silly

espouse=choose and follow

vagary= an unexpected and inexplicable change in situtaion or in someone’s behaviour

conceive=judge or look upon the idea

slander=making false accusastion against someone that will defame the reputation

contempt=lack of respect

hamper=prevent the progress or put at a disadvantage

languid=lacking spirit or liveliness

confluence=a place where things merge, a flowing together

gadfly=who irritates, annoying person

talk through one’s hat=speak matters knows little or nothing about

bolster=support and strengthen

ineptitude=unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training

envisage=mental expression of something that is not present or that is not the case

contend=have an argument about something

daft=mentally irregular

seasoned=lot of experience in particular activity

prowess=skill that can b learned by stdy and practice and observation

tonsure=a part of a monk’s priest’s head left bare on top by shaving off the hair.

formidable=extremely impressive in strenght or excellence

sermon=an address of a reliogious nature

savour=taste success

nincompoop=a stupid foolish person

revived=given fresh life or vigor or spirit

colossal = so great in size or force

oust= remove from position or office

cronyism= favoritism shown to friends and associates

billow=rise up as if in waves (fire smoke)

alighted= come down, to rest

lopsided=having one side lower or smaller or lighter than the other

epitah=a phrase or form of words written in memory of a person who has died

awash= covered with water

falter=be unsure or weak

pan out= be a succes

cheesy=of very poor quality, flimsy

inanity=total lack of meaning or ideas

mighty=having or showing great strength

miffed=aroused to impatience or anger

barbed wire= used in fencing looks like having thorns

polarized= cause to concentrate about two conflicting or contrasting positions

feigning =pretence with

Psephology=statistical study of elections and trends in voting


spruce=make neat, smart or trim

surge=rise rapidly, rise and move

mystique= an aura of heightened value or interest or meaning surrounding a person or thing

lackey=a person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage

beholder=a person who becomes aware (of things or events) through the senses

clout= a target used in archery

scout= exploring in order to gain information
infotainment= documentary showing facts

trenchant= hard-hitting, having keenness

holocaust=an act of mass destruction and los of life

euphoric=exaggerated feelings of well-being or elation

bounty=award/reward on ones life

morbid=suggestnig an unhealthy mental state

adversary=one’s opponent in a contest

seclude=keep away from others

stole= a wide scarf worn about their shoulders by women

sedative= a drug that reduces excitably and calms a person

labyrinth=a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one’s way; a maze.

stride=significant progress

verve and brawn= an energitic style and possessing muscular strength

squabble=argue over petty things

scarecow=an effigy in the shape of a man to frighten birds away from seeds

dodge=avoide (like doding the issue)

chick flick= girls talking stories

demeanour= the way a person behaves toward other people.

sweltering=excessively hot and humid or marked by sweating and faintness.

skullcap=a small close-fitting peakless cap.

ruing=feel sorry for, remorse for.

crummy=of very poor quality. flimsy

revive=bring life.

garner=collect, pull together.

devour=destroy competely.

stale=lacking originality, no longer new.

messiah= a leader regarded as the saviour of a particular country, group or cause.

conpicuous=obvious to the eye or mind.

rebuke=censure severly, angrily, criticism.

straitjacket=a garment similar to a jacket that is used to bind the arms tightly against the body as a means of restraining a violent person.

excruciating=extremely painful.

indignant=in anger at something unjust or wrong.

gnawing=bite or chew on with teeth.

hoards=save up as for future use.

acclimatise=get used to a certain climate.

daunting=discourage because of fear.

Sparring=an argument in which the participants are trying to gain some advantage.

nudge=to push against gently.

camaraderie=the quality of affording easy familiarity and sociability.

defunct=no longer existing or functioning

sobriquet=a person’s nick name.

precocious=developing certain capabilities much before than usual.